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River View Library Research Process: Choosing Your Sources


Getting Started

Eventually, you'll come to a place in your research where you feel overloaded with sources. Oh, you're already there? Perfect! This is actually the place you want to be. When it comes to a reseach project, it's better to have too much than too little. At this stage in your project, you'll now want to take a hard look at your sources and decide what should stay and what should go. How do you choose? There are many factors to take into account when evaluating your sources: relevancy, author bias, publication date, level of scholarlship, type of source, etc. We'll explore all of these options below.

Types of Sources

In the course of your research, you'll run into a variety of sources; which are divided up into roughly two catagories:

Primary sources are taken at face value, but you'll have to look at your secondary sources with a critical eye!

The CRAAP Test

The CRAAP test was originally developed to help researchers evaluate web sources, but the criteria work equally well for both print and electronic materials:

The timeliness of the information.

The depth and importance of the information.

The source of the information.

The reliability of the information.

The possible bias present in the information.

For each item you have found, judge it using the above criteria. And ask yourself: Who wrote it? Does the author have any biases? What is the tone? Does the work cite other sources? How old is this material?

*the CRAAP test was developed at the Meriam Library at California State University Chico

For More Help...

A librarian can help you evaluate whether the information you have found is reliable.  If your professor wants you to find sources that are 'peer-reviewed', 'primary,' or 'scholarly,' a librarian will be able to help you interpret whether the information you have found meets those criteria.

A librarian can show you ways to evaluate whether the sources you have found are relevant to your topic.

A librarian can show you how to evaluate results from Google, and determine whether information in Wikipedia and other websites is reliable.